Kenya

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Jamhuri y Kenya

Republic of Kenya

Flag of Kenya
Location of Kenya
Capital Nairobi / Yaoundé
Official languages Kiswahili and English
Ethnic groups Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Ameru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
Currency Kenyan shilling (KES)
Exchange Rates USD CAD EUR GBP
Monthly Minimum Wage none
HIV Percentage 6.7% (2003 est.)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
DST EAT (UTC+3)
Electricity 240 volts, 50Hz. UK style square three-pin plugs
Internet TLD [[cctld:=.ke]]
Calling code +254

The Republic of Kenya is a country in Eastern Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the northeast, Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, and Sudan to the northwest, with the Indian Ocean running along the southeast border.

Demographics

Kenya is a country of great ethnic diversity. Tension between the various groups accounts for many of Kenya's problems. During the early 1990s, politically instigated tribal clashes killed thousands and left tens of thousands homeless. The KANU regime at the time headed by former President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi was blamed for instigating the violence as a way of discouraging multiparty politics and clinging to power.

Most African nations, being political artifacts of colonialism, are multiethnic and multilinguistic. Patterns of sexual behavior are therefore quite varied, the result being complexity rather than uniformity. Nowhere is this more clearly demonstrated than in Kenya.

One in four Kenyans lives in modern urban areas, notably the capital Nairobi, which has become a melting pot for all Kenyan cultures, and Mombasa, a tourist mecca on the Indian Ocean. Kenya is the leading Black African tourist destination, with splendid coastal areas, highly developed wildlife-viewing opportunities, and an infrastructure that has been very safe, comfortable, and competently run.

Ethnicity and languages in Kenya.
Ethnic groups 
Gĩkũyũ 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Ameru 6%, Somali 3%, other African (including Swahili people, Pokomo, Giriama, Rabai, Duruma, Chonyi, Digo, Kauma, Taita, Meru, Turkana, Orma, Wasanye, Wanyoyaya, Borana, Rendille, El Moran, Malakote, Embu, Teso, Gabra, Ndorobo, Maasai) 12%, non-African (Asian/Desi, Anglo-African/European, and Arab) 1%.
Religious affiliation 
Various Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, Muslim 10%, Traditional Religions 10%. Others include Hinduism, Jainism & the Bahá'í Faith.
Largest cities 
Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu, Thika, Nyeri, Nakuru, Kitale and Eldoret.

see also List of cities in Kenya

Country Executive Monger Summary

Overview

Kenya is a country with an high unemployment rate and low wages leading to many women opting to prostitution. Sex tourism in Kenya has never approached the exploitive level found in Thailand and the Philippines, but it is an ever-present element.

Kenya is definately not a first-world country, but you shouldn't be afraid of going there because it's in Africa. There are many tourists in Kenya, mostly coming for safaris and beautiful beaches. Kenya is quite safe by all means.

Prostitution Laws

Policy: No legal definition of prostitution in the Penal Code. But it is illegal to live off the earnings of prostitution.

Practice: Prostitution is increasing in urban areas as many rural migrant women fail to find other employment. Researchers on AIDS and prostitution report that any woman who is single and has multiple male sex partners is considered to be a prostitute, whether or not money changes hands.

Read more at Kenya Sexuality.

Practicalities

International Airports:
Visas:
  • Visas can be obtained on arrival for a fee of US$50, which must be paid in convertible currency, although this may result in passenger delays and it is preferable to arrange the visa in the country of origin. The visa is valid for a period of 3 months. An onward or return ticket and documents for next destination are required by all visitors, as well as sufficient funds for length of intended stay (at least US$500). Passports must be valid for at least the period of stay.
  • There is a departure tax of US$20, but this is usually included in the ticket price.
Tourist Season:
  • December - February, though in Mombasa it's always nice
Transport:
  • A passenger line runs inland from Mombasa to Nairobi and on to Kisumu. There are further passenger branch lines to Taveta, Nanyuki and Butere (Nyahururu was to be re-opened in 2005, but has been postponed). There are three classes: First Class, which is the most expensive. You get your own bed and get good service, with free drinking water. Second Class is mostly the same, without all the pampering and free water, but still with a bed and meals. Third Class is very cheap, but passengers have only seats, if they are lucky enough to get one. A bus from Nairobi to Mombasa (400km) will cost you around 550ksh (07/05). Kenya Railways
  • Kenya has about 250 airports (of vastly varying quality) and plenty of airlines connecting Nairobi with Mombasa, Kisumu, Nanyuki, Malindi, Lamu, and the national parks/reserves of Amboseli Masai Mara and Samburu.
  • Public Transportation is very extensive in Kenya, perhaps more so than many other African Countries. Some form or public transportation leaves every hour to major cities, and even several times daily to rural areas. There are several types of public transportation. These include buses, the train, and matatus. Matatu is the general name for smaller forms of public transportation, i.e., mini-buses, vans (called "Nissans"), or box matatus, which are simply a 2-wheel drive pick-up with a shell on the back. People are then crammed inside and you're off to your destination.
  • Renting a vehicle is quite easy, but fairly expensive. Estimate just USD 80 a day for a corolla, 50 for an starlet, and up to $150 per day for a 4-wheel drive vehicle.
  • Hitching, or “getting a lift” as it Kenyans call it, is relatively easy in Kenya, depending on your company and your location. Hitching has many advantages: It is safer to travel in a private vehicle, it is fast once you get a lift, and it can be fun to talk to locals that pick you up.
Communications:
  • Extended Total Access Communication System (ETACS)
  • Safaricom Limited
  • Celtel Kenya
Health:
  • About 800,000 tourists annually visit Kenya. Most of them come without vaccinations.
  • The only requirement for visitors is a Certificate of inoculation against Yellow fever, which is required from travelers older than one year and coming from infected areas (i.e. along the tropics 20 N and 10 S. Visitors from the rest of the world are not affected.
  • It's recommended to take Doxycycline (100mg once daily) or Lariam (1 tab weekly) in order to be protected from Malaria. It's not a mandatory though, every small hospital in Kenya blood can be checked for malaria parasites in few hours time and the treatment is very effective. Malaria is only dangerous if not treated. However try to avoid mosquito bites by using repellant and by wearing suitable cover-up clothes in the evening and sleeping under mosquito nets.
  • Hotels and lodges supply clean drinking water but whenever in doubt, please drink only bottled mineral water, which is available in most hotels and stores. Outside Nairobi and Mombasa, drinking water from the tap is not encouraged.
  • For other vaccinations, please consult your local doctor before you embark on your travel.
  • In case of an emergency, the following three hospitals are recommended for urgent treatment:
    • Nairobi Hospital Tel: 272 2160 Email: hosp@nbihosp.org
    • The Aga Khan Email: akhm@africaonline.co.ke Tel: 374 0000
    • The M.P. Shah Tel: 374 2763
  • In case of serious illness or injury while on safari outside Nairobi, the Flying Doctors’ Society will, conditions permitting, provide emergency treatment and air transport to a medical center. Special membership up to one month is available. Non-members will be requested to pay for the cost of the flight. The Flying Doctors can be contacted at the Wilson Airport, Nairobi, Tel: 315 454.
  • The services of St. John Ambulance, Tel: 224 066 or 222 396 are available. Email: stjohnkenya@africaonline.com
  • As for vaccinations, you may want to have typhoid fever vaccine. If you are going to travel for a long time in Kenya or in fact in any place in the world, you should consider following vaccinations: Meningitis A.C.W.V, Typhoid Vi, Hepatitis A & B, Polio and Yellow Fever.
Language:
  • English is the official language but Swahili is the national language, with 42 ethnic languages spoken. Virtually everybody speaks English. Sometimes you will see girls who doesn't speak English because they never went to school or dropped in the earlier grades though.
Tipping:
  • Tipping is not customary in Kenya, however a 10% service charge may be added to bill in more upmarket restaurants. Otherwise small change in local currency may be offered to taxi drivers, porters and waiters.
Food & Drinks:
  • Food in Kenya is plentiful and relatively cheap. A favorite is a quarter chicken roasted with chips. The price is 100ksh in small, fast food restaurants. Usually a small salad and tomato sauce will be included. The cheapest food in the cheapest places for locals is 10ksh. It's called gidheri (corn mixed with beans). You may try it in order to get an idea of what locals eat.
  • In medium class restaurants the meal will be around 300ksh soft drinks included. It can be pork with potatoes curry and salad or fish. The amount of spices is similar to Europe. In Mombasa and Nairobi you may try Indian restaurants for more spicy or vegetarian food. You may try also Arab restaurants for their traditional dishes.
  • Ugali is the very popular staple food in Kenya. It's made out of melted corn. It can be eaten with nyama choma (roasted meat) or fried meat. Prices are around 80ksh.
  • Soft drinks sold in shops, 300ml bottle = 15ksh, 1L = 45ksh. Soft drinks in restaurants, 300ml bottle = 25ksh. Beer 330ml(500ml) is 65ksh.
Other Info:
  • The taking of photographs of official buildings and embassies is not advised and could lead to detention. It is illegal to destroy Kenyan currency. Smoking in public places has been banned from July 2006.

Mongering

Where to Find Girls:
  • In Kenya you find girls mostly in bars, discos and night clubs where they come looking for clients. Sometimes the girls may approach you otherwise you may approach anyone you like.
  • In Kenya you feel yourself free, you can start a conversation with the girls on the streets (especially outside of Nairobi) or in small cafes and make a nice conversation with them leading to sex.
  • For Kenyans sex is not a big deal especially if you compare them with Ethiopia or Tanzania girls. In Kenya many girls would like to have sex and accept money for it. Unless they are rich or catholic school students. So theoretically you don't have to look for pros. Just go to some hot place like Mombasa, walk the streets, find a nice lady, talk to her, give her some nice presents, buy her some clothes, show your interest, invite her for drinks and chicken-chips. Even if she has a local boyfriend she may even dump him to be with you.
Girls in General:
  • The prostitutes in Kenya, even pros, like to be in boyfriend/girlfriend relationship with a client. This is less true in Nairobi, but still exists there. It’s a nicer time, since you don't feel that the girl is just doing her job being with you, but she is actually emotionally involved with you.
  • Information on a few Kenyan ethnic groups:
    • Kikuyu, the most populous ethnic group in Kenya. Many pros come from this group and can be found all around Kenya. Skin color ranges from brown-black to brown-light.
    • Kamba - similar to Kikuyus, but less of the girls work as pros and they are generally a little bit fatter then Kikuyus.
    • Samburu, Maasai - You may find them in Mtwapa and Mombasa areas as well as in their respective regions. Skin color ranges from brown to black and sometimes brown-bronze to black-bronze.
    • Somalis - light-skinned girls with exotic faces. Few working as pros, can be found in Nairobi, Mombasa area and in their respective regions. The most beautiful ladies come from Itzhak sub-group of the Somalis.
Oral/Anal/Fetishes:
  • Usually they will accept oral, but they will not be happy to do it, as it's against African culture. Most of the time they will refuse anal sex. But if you find relatively young girl and slowly build your influence over her you may teach her to take all the positions, then oral and even anal sex. Otherwise, professional pros will probably do it all. Do not propose anal sex to your Kenyan lady once you are emotionally involved with her as it will constitute an insult. Do propose oral sex.
Identification Cards:
  • Most of the girls will have identification cards, though sometimes, especially during the day they may be reluctant to carry them. All ID's will be genuine, but the age could be different from real by 2-3 years sometimes. Usually there is no importance for ID's. ID will be required if you would like the girl to stay with you in any 3+ star hotel. ID is also important for the girl while she is walking alone in the night, in case of occasional police check. Police will not ask a girl walking together with another man for ID.
Initial Costs:
  • There are no bar ladies, lady drinks or barfines like in Asia or Ethiopia. Indeed, you may find girls in the bars, but they are never working or staying there.
Sex Costs:
  • Many girls don't rush to speak about money. In fact, from the moment you meet her and until you part there will be no word from the girl about money. She just hopes that you will appreciate her and what she had done for you. It's up to you then to decide how much you are willing to give her. You may pay anything between 500 - 7000 ksh. It will depend on your status, the status of the girl and the status of the hotel you brought her. Let's say, if you stay in 3 star hotel, try not to pay her less then 1500ksh and more then 3000ksh. If you stay in a guest house, pay her around 750 - 1000ksh per night.
Long Term:
  • If you are pleased with the girl you may continue to stay with her. Try not to negotiate with her the price in the way of: "I would like you to stay with me for 3 days and I'll give you 7000ksh for all". Try to be more dynamic. Also, give her money as present, not as payment. It will make her feel better and the emotional side will benefit from it.

Summary of Conclusions

  • Strengths: Kenya is a cheap and exotic destination not only for western tourists but also neighboring African nations.
  • Weaknesses: Third-world standard, health hazards and risks, crappy food, poorly maintained roads (pot holes), underdeveloped services in general.

Cities with Executive Monger Summaries

Administrative divisions

The provinces of Kenya.

Kenya comprises eight provinces each headed by a centrally-appointed (by the president) Provincial Commissioner. The provinces (mikowa) are subdivided into seventy-one districts (wilaya'at) which are then subdivided into 262 divisions (taarafa). The divisions are then subdivided into approximately 1,088 locations (kata) and then sublocations (kata ndogo). The City of Nairobi enjoys the status of a full administrative province. The government supervises administration of districts and provinces. The provinces are:

  1. Central
  2. Coast
  3. Eastern
  4. Nairobi
  5. North Eastern
  6. Nyanza
  7. Rift Valley
  8. Western

Geography

Seaport Mombasa, below Malindi, has railway to Nairobi (center), south of Naivasha & Nyeri. (click map to enlarge)

At 224,961 mi² (582,646 km²), Kenya is the world's forty-seventh largest country (after Madagascar). It is comparable in size to France, and is somewhat smaller than the US state of Texas.

From the coast on the Indian Ocean the Low plains rise to central highlands. The highlands are bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west. The Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa. The highlands are the site of the highest point in Kenya (and the second highest in Africa): Mount Kenya], which reaches 5,199 meters (17,057 ft) and is also the site of glaciers. Climate varies from tropical along the coast to arid in interior.

Kenya has considerable land area of wildlife habitat, including maasai mara, where blue wildebeest and other bovids participate in a large scale annual migration. Up to 250,000 blue wildebeest perish each year in the long and arduous movement to find forage in the dry season. The "Big Five" animals of Africa can also be found in Kenya: the lion, leopard, African buffalo, rhino and elephant. A significant population of other wild animals, reptiles and birds can be found in the national parks and game reserves in the country. The environment of Kenya is threatened by high population growth and its side-effects.

Climate

Kenya enjoys a tropical climate. It is hot and humid at the coast, temperate inland and very dry in the north and northeast parts of the country.

The country receives a great deal of sunshine all the year round and summer clothes are worn throughout the year. However, it is usually cool at night and early in the morning.

The long rain season occurs from April to June. The short rain season occurs from October to December. The rainfall is sometimes heavy and often falls in the afternoons and evenings. The hottest period is from February to March and coldest in July to August.

The annual migration occurs between June and September with millions of wildlife taking part. It has been a popular event for filmmakers to capture.

Average annual temperatures
City Elevation (m) Max (°C) Min (°C)
Mombasa coastal town 17 30.3 22.4
Nairobi capital city 1,661 25.2 13.6
Eldoret 3,085 23.6 9.5
Lodwar dry north plainlands 506 34.8 23.7
Mandera dry north plainlands 506 34.8 25.7

Politics

Politics of Kenya takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Kenya is both head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Since independence, Kenya has maintained remarkable stability despite changes in its political system and crises in neighboring countries. Particularly since the re-emergence of multiparty democracy, Kenyans have enjoyed an increased degree of freedom.

Economy

Economic summary
GDP $12.7 billion (2003)
Annual growth rate 5.8% (2005)
Per capita income $371
Natural resources Wildlife, land (5% arable)
Agricultural produce tea, coffee, sugarcane, horticultural products, corn, wheat, rice, sisal, pineapples, pyrethrum, dairy products, meat and meat products, hides, skins
Industry petroleum products, grain and sugar milling, cement, beer, soft drinks, textiles, vehicle assembly, paper and light manufacturing, tourism
Trade in 2002
Exports $2.2 billion tea, coffee, horticultural products, petroleum products, cement, pyrethrum, soda ash, sisal, hides and skins, fluorspar
Major markets Uganda, Tanzania, United Kingdom, Germany, Netherlands, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Egypt, South Africa, United States
Imports $3.2 billion machinery, vehicles, crude petroleum, iron and steel, resins and plastic materials, refined petroleum products, pharmaceuticals, paper and paper products, fertilizers, wheat
Major suppliers United Kingdom, Japan, South Africa, Germany, United Arab Emirates, Italy, India, France, United States, Saudi Arabia

Education

Kenya’s education system consists early childhood education, primary, secondary and tertiary. Early childhood education takes at least three years, primary eight years, secondary four and university four or six years depending on the course. Preschooling, which targets children from age three to five, is an integral component of the education system and is a key requirement for admission to Standard One (First Grade). At the end of primary education, pupils sit the Kenya Certificate of Primary Education (KCPE), which determines those who proceed to secondary school or vocational training. Primary school age is 6/7-13/14years. For those who proceed to secondary level, there is a national examination at the end of Form Four – the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE), which determines those proceeding to the universities, other professional training or employment. The Joint Admission Board (JAB) is responsible for selecting students joining the public universities. The minimum university entry grade is C+ at KCSE. However, due to stiff competition, only those with higher grades such as B+ and above are guaranteed admission. Private universities admit students on their own but are guided by the rules and regulations provided by the Commission for Higher Education. Other than the public schools, there are many private schools in the country, mainly in urban areas. Similarly, there are a number of international schools catering for various educational systems such as American, British, French, German, Japanese and Swedish.

Culture

A Maasai man in traditional attire.

Kenya is a diverse country, with many different cultures represented. Notable cultures include the Swahili on the coast, pastoralist communities in the north, and several different communities in the central and western regions. Today, the Maasai culture is well known, due to its heavy exposure from tourism although it is only a minor tribe. Even though they are a minor tribe, they are well-known and are a nomadic tribe who adorn their upper bodies and are very well-known for all the jewellery that they wear.

Tribalism

In Kenya as well as in many other African countries people are divided by belonging to a particular tribe. Whenever you are talking about a Kenyan there will be a lot of references to his or her tribe.

For example:
- We, umemona Lucy?
- Lucy gani? Huyu kikuyu nyeupe?

Translation from Swahili:
- Hey, have you seen Lucy?
- Which one, the one with light(white) skin and kikuyu by tribe?

Understanding the tribes of Kenya will allow you to understand better their way of living.

National dress

Apart from the national flag, Kenya is yet to have a national dress that cuts across its diverse ethnic divide. With each of the more than 42 ethnic communities in Kenya having its own traditional practices and symbols that make it unique, this is a task that has proved elusive in the past. However, several attempts have been made to design an outfit that can be worn to identify Kenyans, much like the Kente' cloth of Ghana.

The most recent effort was the Unilever-sponsored "Sunlight quest for Kenya's National Dress". A design was chosen and though it was unveiled with much pomp at a ceremony in which public figures modelled the dress, the dress design never took hold with the ordinary people.

Kitenge, a cotton fabric made into various colours and design through tie-and-dye and heavy embroidery, is generally accepted as the African dress. Though used in many African countries, Kitenge is yet to be accepted as an official dress as it is only worn during ceremonies and non-official functions. The Maasai wear dark red garments to symbolise their love for the earth and also their dependence on it. It also stands for blood that is given to them by nature. The Kanga (Khanga, Lesso) is another cloth that is in common use in practically every Kenyan home. The Kanga is a piece of clothing about 1.5m by 1m, screen printed with beautiful sayings in Kiswahili (or English) and is largely worn by women around the waist and torso. Kangas are a flexible item, used in many ways such as aprons, child-carrying slings, picnic blankets, swimwear etc. However, except among the coastal people, it is usually not worn as a full outfit.

Music

Kenya is home to a diverse range of music styles, ranging from imported popular music, afro-fusion and benga music to traditional folk songs. The guitar is the most popular instrument in Kenyan music, and songs often feature intricate guitar rhythms. The most famous guitarist of the early 20th century was Fundi Konde. Other notable musicians of the 60s era include Fadhili Williams (recognised by many as the author of the hit song "Malaika" that was later re-done by Miriam Makeba, Boney M and Daudi Kabaka.

Popular music in the 1980s and 90s could be divided into two genres: the Swahili sound and the Congolese sound. There are varying regional styles, and some performers create tourist-oriented "hotel pop" that is similar to western music. Them Mushrooms, later renamed Uyoga, was one of the popular groups in this era.

In the recent past, newer varieties of modern popular music have arisen which are mostly local derivatives of western hip-hop. Two sub-genres have emerged: "Genge" and "Kapuka" beats. This has revolutionized popular Kenyan music and created an industry dominated by the youth. There is also underground Kenyan hip hop that gets less radio play than Kapuka or Genge due to the fact that it is less club oriented and more focussed on social commentary. Early pioneers include the late Poxi Presha with his famous songs like 'Otonglo time', other artists include Kalamashaka and K-South.

Mainstream artists include David Mathenge, Redsan, Necessary Noize, Nonini, Juacali, Kleptomaniax, Longombaz, Suzzanna Owiyo, Achieng Abura and others. Their sounds run the gamut from Reggae/Ragga, Pop, Afro-Fusion to Hip-Hop.

Many Kenyan performers will mix languages in any single song, usually English, Swahili, their tribal language or Sheng (a hybrid of Kenyan languages and English/Swahili).

Sports

Kenya is active in several sports, among them football (soccer), rallying, rugby, cricket and boxing. But the country is known chiefly for its dominance in cross country running and road running, and middle distance track event and long-distance track event athletics (track and field). Kenya has regularly produced Olympic and Commonwealth Games champions in various distance events, especially in 800m, 1,500m, 3,000m steeplechase, 5,000m, 10,000m and the marathons. Kenyan athletes (particularly Kalenjin) continue to dominate the world of distance running, although competition from Morocco and Ethiopia has somewhat reduced this supremacy.

The Marathon world record holder, Paul Tergat, and the four-time women's Boston Marathon winner and former world champion, Catherine Ndereba, are among the best-known athletes in Kenya.

Film and theatre

Although the government has not been very supportive of the film industry in Kenya, the country offers some of the most spectacular sceneries and can only be compared to South Africa in regard to producing some of the most talented actors and actresses on the African continent. Due to the nonchalant attitude and lack of enthusiasm exhibited by the government, the industry has remained considerably dormant whereby notable movies shot in the country have been few and far between. The most recent movie is the award winning The Constant Gardener Directed by Fernando Meirelles and Starring Ralph Fiennes and Rachel Weisz. Other films shot in Kenya in the recent past include the Academy Award winning Nowhere in Africa, Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life and To Walk With Lions. Sheena, Queen of the Jungle won great acclaim in the 1980s and was one of the first foreign movies to be shot entirely on location in Kenya. Other highly acclaimed films set (and shot) in Kenya include Karen Blixen's Out of Africa, starring Robert Redford and Meryl Streep and directed by Sidney Pollack, and Born Free, an adaptation of the autobiography of Joy Adamson. Notable film actors from Kenya include Paul Onsongo, John Sibi Okumu] and Njeri Osaak.

Die Weisse Massai (The white Maasai), a German movie about a Swiss Woman who fell in love with a Maasai won an Award of the best Foreign language Movie (2006).

The Rise and Fall of Idi Amin, based on the Ugandan dictator, was shot in Kenya and is considered one of the most successful movies produced and directed by a Kenyan (Sharad Patel). Indigenous Kenyan film makers include Ingolo Wa Keya, Albert Wandago and Judy Kibinge.

Nowhere in Africa (2001), an award-winning{cn}} German production, tells a story about German Jewish refugees living in Kenya during Second World War. Most of the movie is set in Kenya and numerous scenes show actors, either natives or main German actors, speaking Suahili.

See also

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